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Representations of madness in "Jane Eyre" by Charlotte Bronte


Darbas anglų kalba. Pamišimo vaizdavimas pagal Šarlotės Brontės romaną "Džeinė Eir". Introduction. Representations of Madness the Nineteenth Century’s Literature. Lovemad Jane. Bertha Mason: The Double. Conclusion.


One of the most famous women writers of the nineteenth century was Charlotte Bronte. She had a rich fantasy and this helped her to create many wonderful and exciting novels. Bronte used her experience and imagination as source of material for her books. Nowadays it is difficult to understand the world that Charlotte Bronte was a part of because twenty- first century reader can hardly imagine the world where women had no rights, where divorce was almost the unthinkable, and where mental health disorders were treated as "insanity" and "madness". In the Bronte’s world mad people were locked in the asylums in which they usually received no mental treatment. All these and many more problems of Victorian society are displayed in the Bronte’s novels. (Teachman 2001: 2-6)

The most successful work of Charlotte Bronte, which deals with many issues of the nineteenth century, is Jane Eyre published in 1847. Charlotte Bronte first published the book as Jane Eyre: An Autobiography under the pseudonym Currer Bell. The novel was an immediate critical and popular success, it became a bestseller. The reviewer for the Atlas wrote:
This is not merely a work of great promise; it is one of absolute performance. It is one of the most powerful domestic romances which have been published for many years. It has little or nothing of the old conventional stamp upon it ... but it is full of youthful vigour, of freshness and originality, of nervous diction and concentrated interest. The incidents are sometimes melo-dramatic, and, it might be added, improbable; but these incidents, though striking, are subordinate to the main purpose of the piece, which is a tale of passion, not of intensity which is most sublime. It is a book to make the pulses gallop and the heart beat, and to fill the eyes with tears (1847). (Bronte 2006:525)
But it would be wrong to think that all reviewers were so favorable. Many people criticized this book, especially when they heard that the author is a female. But still they couldn’t deny that it was the work of great importance.
Jane Eyre is the novel which presents plenty of themes to discuss. The most complex and contradictory aspect of Jane Eyre is its treatment of gender relations and marriage (Bronte 2006:22). This novel was written in the period of the reign of Queen Victoria. That was the time of great changes, a period when many political, religious and social movements flourished. It was also a time of tremendous scientific progress. The ideas of Marxism, socialism and democracy lead people to look at the world differently. One more important movement, women’s rights movement, was just beginning to take hold in the nineteenth century, but from the very beginning it caused a lot of changes in the society. Throughout that century, there was much debate concerning the proper place of woman and the proper characteristics of femininity. It was generally known that women have to play roles of good wives, mothers and daughters. But the Victorian writers tried to change things. In 1966, R.B. Martin stated that Jane Eyre was the first major feminist novel. Charlotte Bronte in her novel tried to show equality between man and woman. She wanted to show through egalitarian marriage that women are not as weak and helpless as people used to think.
There are also other very important themes in Jane Eyre such as morality, religion and many more. But the reason why I have chosen to discuss the representations of madness in the book is that it contains a lot of examples of madness.
In my opinion, all the insane characters in Jane Eyre have some symbolic meaning. Charlotte Bronte created characters that through their madness are rebelling against nineteenth century’s society. In this work I am going to discuss madness in general and the main characters of the book who in one or another way are expressing their madness. Also I will try to show what the outcomes of their insanity are. ...

Rašto darbo duomenys
Tinklalapyje paskelbta2008-09-11
DalykasVisuotinės literatūros kursinis darbas
KategorijaLiteratūra >  Visuotinė literatūra
TipasKursiniai darbai
Apimtis17 puslapių 
Literatūros šaltiniai8 (šaltiniai yra cituojami)
KalbaAnglų kalba
Dydis22 KB
Viso autoriaus darbų2 darbai
Metai2008 m
Mokytojas/DėstytojasAsist. Milda Špėlytė-Letulienė
Švietimo institucijaVilniaus Universitetas
FakultetasFilologijos fakultetas
Failo pavadinimasMicrosoft Word Representations of madness in Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte [speros.lt].doc

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  • Kursiniai darbai
  • 17 puslapių 
  • Vilniaus Universitetas / 2 Klasė/kursas
  • Asist. Milda Špėlytė-Letulienė
  • 2008 m
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